Coin Printing

We have different coins from many places and ages. These Print File® 10 mil Polypropylene Coin Preservers (25-Pack) feature twenty 2 x 2 pockets each and hold most collectible coins. Print images for US money, including quarters, dimes, nickels and pennies. FAIRY gold coins. My 12 Step Store offers gifts not only for those going through AA but other recovery programs as well - including Narcotics Anonymous (NA), Cocaine Anonymous (CA), Crystal Meth Anonymous (CMA), Nicotine Anonymous (NicA), Overeaters Anonymous (OA), Gamblers Anonymous (GA), and others. About 3% of these are metal crafts, 1% are digital printers, and 1% are punching machines. Best Answer: Coin money generally refers to mints pressing coins, but it also means printing money, and at one time setting the value of gold and silver. Fraud & Security Fraud prevention, counterfeit detection, safe deposit boxes, key cabinets, burglary & wall safes, locking drop safes, depository safes and high security safes. Sleight of hand style money magic secrets, do cutting edge bill and quarter magic. Choose from custom shapes, cutouts, edge cuts, 3D designs and metal styles to create exactly the coins you want. 2- At the moment I have no 3d file, since we wanted to know how expensive this would be. The Society's headquarters in New York City has the foremost research collection and library specialized in numismatics in the United States. The ten-cent coin, quarter-dollar coin, half-dollar coin and one-dollar coin are all "clad" coins, produced from three coin strips that are bonded together and rolled to the required thickness. The Merrick Mint manufacturers and creates over 1,000 new and innovative products each year. Share on Facebook Share Tweet Email Print. proof synonyms, proof pronunciation, proof translation, English dictionary definition of proof. Guaranteed low prices on trolley coin keyrings from 4imprint. Buy game parts in any quantity. LUNAR GOLD coins 1st Series: Year of MOUSE-1996 Year of OX or BULL '97. Avail outstanding online printing services at PrintStop, the online print shop. What our Customers are Saying Review actual comments from our many satisfied customers. I found one on Thingiverse, and printed it twice. Errors and varieties of canadian coins. Welcome to Challenge Coin Company. Pin Depot’s friendly customer service, factory direct prices, and quality products will make Pin Depot your custom lapel pin manufacturer of choice. Browse by desired features, coin+bags on sale, prices and ratings. Which Branch of the Government Can Coin Money? Only the legislative branch of the United States government has the power to coin money. United States Mint Homepage - Coins and Medals, Shop, Product Schedule, Customer Service, Education, News and Media and More. Let C[p] be the minimum number of coins needed to make change for p cents. The Board of Governors (the Board), as the issuing authority for Federal Reserve notes, approved and submitted its fiscal year (FY) 2019 order for approximately 7. Free printable language arts, early childhood, and math flash cards for preschool-sixth grade. Counterfeits abound but usually have the wrong mint mark. LifeTips is the place to go when you need to know about Coin Collecting tips and hundreds of other topics. Also, offer Fallout 76 Items, Tera Gold, FFXIV Gil, Madden NFL 19 Coins, NBA 2K19 MT and so on. ” It is the largest hand engraved print ever produced by the BEP. Problem:We don’t knowx. and World Coins, Paper Money, and Precious Metals. On one color printed tokens your design will be printed in one color. Mint admitted they were genuine. Since 1984, Northwest Territorial Mint has earned a worldwide reputation for creating custom made coins & medallions of incredible beauty and tangible quality. 489 Coins 3D models available on makexyz. 600 BC to the fractional euro coins of Finland today. KANGAROOS coins. Coins and currency are placed into circulation through depository institutions, which obtain coins and currency from their Reserve Banks. According to Nettels people were not willing to accept the paper currency in daily exchanges at the same rate as coins so the General Court approved a tax of £30,000 to be collected in 1693-1694, which would retire most of the bills. With a Disregard for Authority. VendPrint provides affordable, flexible tools to manage, track and when appropriate, charge for network printing/copying as well controlling access to workstations. In the latest craze of money-making pennies, one £2 coin is selling for a huge amount of cash online. Only the Treasury Department does that. Look up coin prices and values to see how much your collection is worth. In the case of clad coins, the outer layer may be completely or partially missing on one or both sides. Blue Sheet Red Sheet Subscribe What is my coin worth? About Australian Coin Values 1813 - 2016. Custom Coins & Medals. Spread the word about Read Print. Started years earlier by COL Vincent A. Based on extensive research they made suggestions concerning the composition of the Euro coin series and the metals, dimensions, weight and edges to be selected. Buy Personalized Coins Online Now!. Now, as the UK’s leader in creating custom-made medals, coins and commemoratives we pride ourselves on being able to make just about any bespoke designed medal that our customers want. Also, you may use coins with amounts written on the coin, coin names, the back of coins, or Canadian coins. Find unique, personal, and custom products to buy for yourself, friends, and family. Personalizedcoins. 00 each + Postage. Whether you want to build your own commemorative coins, challenge coins, baseball coins or insert coins, our custom artists can create it for you. Lubbock Rare Coin was established to serve the coin collector, but we also offer many related items including Coin and Currency Supplies, Books, Estate and Custom Made Jewelry, Sports Cards for all sports, Antique Post Cards, Antique Pocket Watches and many other fascinating collectibles. the principal officers of the Mint were the master, who manufactured the coin under a contract, the warden or paymaster who acted on behalf of the Crown, the assay master (also a king's officer) who was responsible for the fineness of the coin, the cuneator or superintendent of the engravers of the dies, and the moneyer. Get A Free Quote. BidALot Coin Auction and Coin Dealer is a family owned Minnesota based company. Evan, as a former Marine, has an understanding of what we want -even if we don't. These Print File® 10 mil Polypropylene Coin Preservers (25-Pack) feature twenty 2 x 2 pockets each and hold most collectible coins. Get started with instant access to coin prices, history, and grading guides. At Custom Coin Holders, our mission is simple: Provide the best quality, handcrafted, wooden products at a reasonable price. Count and compare money worksheets Money worksheets Money Game Identify Coins Game. Multiple machine choices and acquisition options, plus the ability to manage coin pickup and processing for a truly risk-free, hands-free operation. Instructions: 1. How much does it cost to produce currency and coin? Currency Each year, the Federal Reserve Board projects the likely demand for new currency, and places an order with the Department of the Treasury's Bureau of Engraving and Printing, which produces U. On one color printed tokens your design will be printed in one color. Grabener coin press number GK MP 360 / 31824 was manufactured in Germany in 1986. Promotional Coins can be customized with your logo. With your parent’s permission, attend a coin show or coin club meeting, or view the Web site of the U. In this video I make a coin sorter to help me in my adventure of sorting coins! Thanks for watching! This part was designed by Pentland_Designs. The decision of whether it was to be silver or gold was left to the Secretary of the Treasury. With your parent's permission, attend a coin show or coin club meeting, or view the Web site of the U. You can customize any of our products, as well as coins, tee shirts, cups, and mugs with your command or agency emblem. Coin production evolved from slow horse- and man-powered machinery to fast computer-controlled machines. Keep in mind, the more places you place your banks, the more exposure for your cause and organization!. Download and print. The Society's headquarters in New York City has the foremost research collection and library specialized in numismatics in the United States. While most people think of pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters when they think of US coins, the government has produced varieties allowing the collector to choose from many different types of coinage for their collections. We cover 3D printers, 3D printing materials, and developing applications in FDM (Fused. Print the worksheet, if you like, and then close the new window to create another worksheet. You can also print the call sheet on heavier paper or glue the page to a piece of cardboard before you cut the call pieces out. Click to find the best Results for coin Models for your 3D Printer. Print the worksheet, if you like, and then close the new window to create another worksheet. Standard Coin Bag 5" wide x 3" high. Coin envelopes are small size envelopes open on the short side. This dress is special for several reasons. Select the number of coins to print per line. Create a solution in a small bowl mixing water from your faucet and dish soap and dip each coin in the bath individually. The 1951 issue was the first in cupro nickel. coin (koin) n. Note: A "Coin Check" consists of a Challenge and a Response. Modern US 'silver' coins use the 'coin' orientation, as do most UK copper coins prior to 1825 (1826 for farthings) and silver or gold up until 1887. coins, but why? Learn about coin images and coin faces in this article. 125inch (28. Here is the link to the Coin Sorter on Thingiverse. PsPrint offers top-quality, dependable online printing services to your business or company. All inlays are not the. With complicated designs, your challenge coin may require some of the options listed below. With Signature Coins you can expect exceptional customized challenge coins. They show images of the European Union or of Europe and symbolise the unity of the EU. Printing a one-dollar bill costs 5. Paper money was also printed in Sweden between 1660 and 1664. Coin Reactive Ink The image printed from this ink is white or transparent. Before printing out a wallet you'll need to "calibrate" your output using the zoom and horizontal shift adjustments to accommodate your particular browser / printer combination. CUSTOM PRINTED WOODEN COINS woodencoin. Stats Download Favorite. Coins grading from NGC XF 45 to NGC MS 68 or NGC PF 45 to NGC PF 68 may receive a , while lower- and higher-grade coins cannot. Then Nepal GOvernment outsourced the activity to De La Rue of UK. Printable Coins in PDF format Printable Coins. What is a small coin depot? 12. The face of these coins is 75 percent copper and 25 percent nickel and the core, which is visible along the edges of the coins, is composed of pure copper. Download and print. If you lose it or if it becomes illegible, the coins are gone forever. If your design included a full-color logo, we would print your design on a substrate and then bond it to the coin. Spread the word about Read Print. Coins also teach geography as you learn where the coin was minted or understand the image on the coin. Tell your story through our wide variety of U. Occasionally, a lot more—as in the case of the 10 most expensive coins and banknotes in the world. This system eliminates the need for color registration therefore speeding up image changes to a few minutes. Krugerrand gold. All inlays are not the. Browse by desired features, coin+bags on sale, prices and ratings. The following is a list of current and past bank note printers and coin mints all over the world and abbreviations of their names, listed in alphabetical order, which identify printers on banknotes or coins they printed or minted. Network Printing Scenarios. What is a currency chest? 11. Print Coins Play Money. Browse and buy online today. Screen Printed Red & Blue on Clear Mylar Self Adhesive. We specialize in United States coins and currency for collectors and investors. Free Artwork & Design. Bright White are perfect for holding small items and collectables. This system eliminates the need for color registration therefore speeding up image changes to a few minutes. Keep track of how many coins you hide, and when all the coins have been found, players count up their totals. 98 and save up to 61% off the newsstand price. You can customize any of our products, as well as coins, tee shirts, cups, and mugs with your command or agency emblem. Magazine is a little low key for me. The hardest part of this origami is dividing the paper into thirds! Best of all, when you're done folding, you get a very nice and cute paper coin purse that can really be used to hold what else, coins!. Buy 1981 $1 ERROR Obstructed Printing 2 Note Set online 24/7 with Golden Eagle Coins. Here is the link to the Coin Sorter on Thingiverse. Welcome to Challenge Coin Company. Side view of Presidential Coins - Notice letters on edge. Its purpose is to store coins and Stars that players acquire at the end of a board game (or Mini-Game Stadium). It has George Washington on the front and either a United States emblem or a design of one of the 50 states on the back. A mint is an industrial facility which manufactures coins that can be used as currency. Printing Paper Wallets What kind of printer and paper should I use? Do you have a laser printer? Wallets printed using a laser printer are much more durable than ink-jet prints because laser printouts are essentially waterproof. coin organizer extention for 1 and 2 cent coins. 100% Secure, Fast and Guaranteed!. The Secret Service confiscated the early specimens until the U. We also provide government agencies across the country with custom coins, including federal, state and local government challenge coins. The Custom boxes is One-stop shop for custom printed boxes and custom boxes packaging wholesale that fit to your budget. New Curious Currency The. Print, cut and laminate these coins and issue as points during lessons. Window cleaner Richard Bird revealed he has spent hours combing through change for rare coins The coin has the year 2016 printed on one side of the coin - the year before the new coin even came. Note: A "Coin Check" consists of a Challenge and a Response. The five new pence and ten new pence coins operate alongside the shilling and the florin, and will have the same value. Since the coin and note images easily fill the page, the higher that maximum number is, the less problems will fit in the page. [email protected] Who decides on the volume and value of banknotes to be printed and on what basis? 8. Today, anyone can be a coin collector and own a piece of history from the U. These pages contain images and descriptions of coins from the Early Republic through the end of the 4th century A. End to end digital printing and offset printing services online from designing to delivery. The is assigned when merited to United States coins from 1792 to date, excluding US bullion and modern commemorative coins, and to world coins struck prior to 1970. Heads or Tails. The Board of Governors (the Board), as the issuing authority for Federal Reserve notes, approved and submitted its fiscal year (FY) 2019 order for approximately 7. Create a template. You’ll Like This PCGS Announcement About Prooflike (Santa Ana, California) – Any and all qualifying mint state United States and world coins, as well as tokens and medals submitted to Professional Coin Grading Service (www. b-token is an expert in personalizing plastic tokens. With a Disregard for Authority. It all depends on pricing. For that reason, many people say the Fed prints money. b-token is an expert in personalizing plastic tokens. Online printing services for Individuals and corporate in India. Coins are graded according to NGC's grading standards, and a higher grade is not guaranteed. Pre-1965 U. Collectors. Below are links to several Price Guides that will give you a general idea of what your coins are worth in today’s market: The PCGS Price Guide prices apply only to PCGS-graded coins. The Bureau of Engraving and Printing makes bills, and it is a separate part of the Treasury Department from the Mint. SAMPLE PLAY MONEY - BILLS. Wendell’s will help you make a bold statement with personalized digitally printed name badges. Coin Boxes to Protect Your Collection. In case you’re a millionaire and a fan of American hiphop, it would probably interest you that this team is currently working on more coin banks, such as The Biggie Bank and The Diddy Bank. Replicate a photograph with a cost-effective photodome printed coin. There are many online pin companies, but there are very few that can back up their products with a knowledgeable and supportive staff and years of. No minimum order size. Print, cut and laminate cards. Our custom coins are designed to exact specifications using bronze as the base metal. We don’t just make coins – we “mint” lasting and collectible pieces that will be the subject of great conversation for generations. We have served the military and many governmental agencies by providing them with their annual, quarterly, and retirement needs. If you can't find your coin here, check out these other resources: Our own Identifying World Coins Using Words may help if there is writing on the coin. You can use any euro coin anywhere in the euro area. Under The Coinage Act, 1906, the Government of India is charged with the production and supply of coins to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The 2017 version of the iconic Silver American Eagle coin continues the tradition of fine design and stunning beauty you’re familiar with from previous versions. Shop envelopes in all sizes, styles, and colors. How does the Reserve Bank estimate the demand for banknotes? 10. However, coins are a direct obligation of the Treasury, so the Reserve Banks pay the Treasury the face value of the coins. We offer traditional coin/bill and debit card print vending solutions as well as our new breakthrough On Account system. ฿1 Casascius Coin: This is a solid brass coin. The coin purse is the ideal gift for her and is great for a friends birthday or Mum for Mothers Day. Screen Printed Red & Blue on Clear Mylar Self Adhesive. Bright White are perfect for holding small items and collectables. A flat circular. The paper money collecting hobby has been very well established for decades and there are many thousands of collectors worldwide. com with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Officeworks is Australia's largest supplier of office and stationery products at low prices everyday. Tell your story through our wide variety of U. Printable math worksheets that help students learn how to count and use money. Did you know coin collecting may add in relaxation and confidence just by accomplishing organizational, social and educational skills? An organized, social and educated person is more likely a confident and relaxed person. Below are links to several Price Guides that will give you a general idea of what your coins are worth in today's market: The PCGS Price Guide prices apply only to PCGS-graded coins. Collecting fever ran high for the first few issues of these new coins, but as the years passed the demand for the annual offering of five new state’s quarters has dropped off. No minimum order size. Roosevelt, and a silver crisis in the 1960s led that metal to be. Free Artwork & Design. Rare coin values. These pages contain images and descriptions of coins from the Early Republic through the end of the 4th century A. We are America's largest awards manufacturer and we. The Official Red Book is online, offering its valuable info in an easy to browse site. Personalizedcoins. Coins come in a protective clear case. Enjoy more fun within seconds Madden NFL Coins delivery. Instant online coin toss. Many times called mint errors, error coins come in scores of "shapes, sizes and types. I couldn't find any templates online so I made my own. 100% Secure, Fast and Guaranteed!. Working with over a million customers since 2007 - Get 3D products and parts delivered to over 100 countries. Coin Stickers. Print Coins Play Money. Our wide selection of numismatic items include gold, silver, and platinum coins, program coins, annual coin sets, proof sets, commemorative coins, and uncirculated coins. 97 Regular Price $29. 2 pages of each coin, in colour. With Signature Coins you can expect exceptional customized challenge coins. But that doesn't mean the Fed has a printing press that cranks out dollars. The coins were released in 2007 to mark the 200th. By holding a Presidential dollar flat with the "Head" of the coin facing up, one can look at the edge and read these inscriptions. FAIRY gold coins. ฿1 Casascius Coin: This is a solid brass coin. Just like the embossed coins, the printed ones are made of solid plastic material and have an edge for your comfort, just like our other products. Make your logo stand out from the crowd and your brand look professional. In the latest craze of money-making pennies, one £2 coin is selling for a huge amount of cash online. It is believed to have been issued by the Kuru and Panchala realms in north-central India between about 450BC and 350BC. Today, anyone can be a coin collector and own a piece of history from the U. A flat circular. Errors and varieties of canadian coins. His numbering system could be extended explicitly, though. We also offer white ink printing, which prints best on dark-colored papers and stocks. I’d imagine that when this coin was freshly counterfeited, it was a pretty good copy. Give the children real coins and have them place the coins over the circles to “buy” the object in the picture. Evan, as a former Marine, has an understanding of what we want -even if we don't. Our founders started Coins For Anything while still in the military barracks and lived everyday committed to producing the best custom coins possible. Another problem is that the coin is not printed on the back side. Top news and analysis for coin collectors and numismatic enthusiasts. Splash math offers easy to understand fun math lessons aligned with common core for K-5 kids and homeschoolers. The quarters tube, for example, amounts to the princely sum of $10 dollars. Old & Ancient Coins Tips. The CPI system serve setups. The first series of coins depicted the head of King Constantine II and the emblem of 21 April 1967. Commercial printers offering quality custom printing as well. You likely have a little silver dime treasure in your box of old coins and because of the increasing price of precious metals any silver dime dated 1964 or earlier is worth at least. Then C[p] = 1+C[p x]. Out of all the coin books I have this is the one I refer to the most as I think it has the most realistic prices in it, and for the price it is then it is a no brainer and it will pay itself back several times over…. This tool creates custom sheets of printable play money United States coins. The best way to establish the value of your coin is go to your local library and look it up in -- "The Official Red Book. Please use Y2000 "World Coins" by Chester Krause at your local public library to find the value of your coins. The BEP's print of the Declaration of Independence measures 26″ x 31. this is my first instrutables sorry for the pics blame my old cam. Commercial printers offering quality custom printing as well. GOAT gold coins. The Coin Laundry Print Shop LLC is a privately held company in Bozeman, MT and is a Single Location business. The coin then travels under each of the five color pads for printing. This coin identifier is a set of pictures you may find on modern foreign coins where the country name is not easy to read. Wholesale envelopes to the trade. The magician prints the coin several times on the whole sheet. Started years earlier by COL Vincent A. 4 cents while printing a $100 bill costs 15. 2019 Federal Reserve Note Print Order. Mint or a coin dealer, and report what you learned. This is a functional but easy to fold origami coin purse. Multiple machine choices and acquisition options, plus the ability to manage coin pickup and processing for a truly risk-free, hands-free operation. The Frederick Coin Exchange, located in Frederick, MD, is one the area’s most trusted dealers in U. The United States no longer issues bills in larger denominations, such as $500, $1,000, $5,000, and $10,000 bills. Reduce your workload and cost of printing dramatically through traditional as well as digital solutions for copier vending and pay for use applications. By holding a Presidential dollar flat with the "Head" of the coin facing up, one can look at the edge and read these inscriptions. Screen Printed Red & Blue on Clear Mylar Self Adhesive. Coin Makers is one of the leading providers of custom firefighter challenge coins! Businesses also choose Coin Makers for their custom business and company challenge coins. The 5, 2 and 1 cent coins show Europe in relation to Africa and Asia on a globe. If you are in Adelaide and are interested in coin collecting or have anything to sell -coins, stamps, gold coins, silver, old coins, medals, tokens, military items then we’d love to see you. No one knows! The US Mint just goes with the flow(this process is by the way called Coinage Orientation) > Why is the Flip Side 'Flipped'? In other words, why, when you flip a coin over after looking at the heads side, is the picture on the tai. Currency Pricing Guide). A coin struck using dies never intended for use together is called a "mule. Collecting fever ran high for the first few issues of these new coins, but as the years passed the demand for the annual offering of five new state's quarters has dropped off. We are the leading supplier of public access print and duplicating vending solutions servicing Houston and surrounding areas. Coin Options. I found one on Thingiverse, and printed it twice. The Board of Governors (the Board), as the issuing authority for Federal Reserve notes, approved and submitted its fiscal year (FY) 2019 order for approximately 7. Request an Envelopes sample of the stock and color you're interested in for your envelope. Partial collar: Coin struck with the collar partially around the coin causing part of the edge to expand and part of the edge will be held in place (and have reeding if clad) by the collar. In volatile market times, the price of precious metals may fluctuate wildly. After issuance, the coin will become scarcer and scarcer. To find a listing of the coins that we currently have for sale, please see our sales catalogue of coinage of the Ancient Greek world. These will include images that will help you match your coin. GRIZZLY BEAR gold. Occasionally, a lot more—as in the case of the 10 most expensive coins and banknotes in the world. Print out several copies of the play money coins page. These Print File® 10 mil Polypropylene Coin Preservers (25-Pack) feature twenty 2 x 2 pockets each and hold most collectible coins. Not all bitcoin machines support generating and printing of address on receipts, many don’t even support printing receipts at all. , so it's no wonder old coins draw so much interest. Lowest price and on-time delivery with every order. STERN COIN DOOR DECAL Suits machines from 1978-1980. Many Stock Designs to Choose from. Synonyms for coin at Thesaurus. Graphic Design & Printing Services. Practice math problems like Identify and Compare Value of Coins with interactive online worksheets for 2nd Graders. SAMPLE PLAY MONEY - BILLS. If you are into collecting coins then do yourself a favour and get this book. We only offer specialized and quality products. No minimum order size. Working with over a million customers since 2007 - Get 3D products and parts delivered to over 100 countries. No logo is too complicated with our high resolution printing process No set up fees Silver or gold plating Digitally printed, 2-sided logos Ships in 2-4 days. Challenge Coins Ltd. Top news and analysis for coin collectors and numismatic enthusiasts. Sweet, Hawaii. Mint Has Made Nobody’s perfect — and that includes the United States Mint and United States Treasury. com has been manufacturing the finest struck and cast pins, medals, coins and key-chains for over 40 years. New 100 Greatest Ancient Coins 2nd ed. (Maybe others too) Scan done at 300 dpi. But, the fakers aren’t really going to give a toss if it doesn’t stand the test of time, are they. The Mint will waive the postage charge for all deliveries within Australia, if your order is over A$350. Antique, Highly Polished, Matt or Chrome, in a Single plating or for a Richer finish choose Double Plating. Lions on ancient coins. "There'll be printed newspapers for years and years" said Kaspar. A wealthy coin collector was eager to pay the huge sum for the coin because it was one of a kind and that collector already had a 1943 copper penny from each of the other two U. Look up coin prices and values to see how much your collection is worth. The Federal Reserve, the Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP), and the U. Read the latest market data on U. About 74% of these are paper envelopes, 4% are mailing bags, and 1% are packaging bags. Some of the more important variables are quantity, stylistic add-ons, size and "surface area" of the modifications — i. Every time your client reaches for a trolley, be certain that they are also reaching for your printed trolley coin that’s branded with your slogan or logo!. 5 inches Across and Wood Dollars are 2 inches Across. In 1992, a 5 Rupees Cupronickel coin was introduced. Heads or tails? Just flip a coin online!. So the Coin Change problem has both properties (see this and this) of a dynamic programming problem. Coins & Paper Money. Established in 1964, OmniCopy provides outstanding value in multifunction copy, print, scan, and fax equipment, supplies, and service to businesses large and small. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: